Activate the bacteria in liquid before consumption
In order to wake up and activate lyophilized probiotic bacteria, they need to be rehydrated. This is done by adding them to a liquid, stirring and waiting for at least 10 minutes. However, probiotic bacteria cannot be added to just any kind of liquid. A lyophilized bacterium not only no longer contains any water, its cell membrane is also perforated with tiny holes. During rehydration, liquid enters the bacterial cell and restores the cell membrane. When this is done by an acidic liquid (such as stomach acid, fruit juice or a carbonated drink) or hot liquid, the bacterial cell may become damaged, and cannot be activated properly.
Dissolve in water or dairy
Water (either cold or lukewarm) or dairy, such as cold milk or yoghurt, are the best liquids for dissolving and activating probiotic bacteria. They are not too acidic, nor is the temperature too high. Yoghurt, for example, has a pH-value of 4-5. In comparison, orange juice has a pH of 3.5, carbonated drinks of 3.0, and stomach acid of 1.0! Dissolving probiotic bacteria in water or dairy helps them to wake up and become metabolically active, making them capable of passing the gastro-intestinal tract and do what they are supposed to do: improve host health.